Stapp Car Crash Journal and
Stapp Technical Papers

The Stapp Car Crash Journal is the journal of the John Paul Stapp Association and is published annually by the Society of Automotive Engineers. All papers published in the Stapp Car Crash Journal are presented at the annual Stapp Car Crash Conference®.

The Stapp Association was founded in honor of John Paul Stapp, pioneer researcher of human tolerance to crash decelerations. Members of the Stapp Association are international leaders in impact biomechanics research and comprise the Stapp Advisory Committee. The Association is dedicated to the dissemination of research findings in impact biomechanics, human tolerance to impact trauma, and crash injury protection. This is achieved primarily through the annual Stapp Car Crash Journal and associated conference.

The scope of material contained in the Stapp Journal includes new data on the biomechanics of injury and human tolerance, new methods and tools to study the biomechanics of injury, new developments in occupant protection systems, and new concepts on the biomechanics of injury based on experimental and analytical studies. Stapp technical papers are extensively reviewed by members of the Stapp Advisory Committee and have been judged to warrant publication in the open scientific literature. Publication of these papers does not constitute endorsement or agreement with their content by the reviewers, The Stapp Association, the publisher, or their members or staff. Opinions and data presented in these papers are the responsibility of the authors.

For more information on how to submit a paper, read our Call For Papers.

Copyright Information

Except for papers authored solely by one or more U.S. Government employees in the course of their employment, Stapp papers are protected by copyright. For authorization to photocopy for internal, personal, or educational use beyond that permitted by Sections 107 and 108 of the U.S. Copyright Act, contact the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923 USA Phone (978) 750-8400 Fax (978) 750-4470. For further information, visit CCC online at

Authorization does not extend to systematic or multiple reproduction, to copying for promotional purposes, to electronic storage or distribution, or to republication in any form. In all such cases, specific written permission must be obtained from The Stapp Association, 2901 Baxter Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2150.

Order Information for Publications and Paper Reprints

Technical papers on CD-ROM presented at Stapp Conferences® from 1966-2004, including papers presented at the 1993 and 1997 Child Occupant Protection Symposiums. The CD-ROM is updated every other year, and can be ordered from the SAE Electronic Publication Division by phone: 724-772-7144; by e-mail:; or fax: 724-776-3087.

Copies of Stapp technical papers, the Stapp Car Crash Conference® Proceedings, and Stapp Journal volumes are available from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., Department 3829, 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096-0001. Phone: in U.S. and Canada, 1-877-606-7323 or 724-776-4970; Fax 724-776-0790; E-Mail:; Internet: